By Historian Dave McPherson
The #1 Expert on the Rapture Doctrine.
Compute researchers who have click on the much repeated claim
that Morgan Edwards (1722-1795) was a pre-tribulation rapturist probably
have been unaware of the incredible cover-up of historical facts!
The trouble began with The Life and Works of
Morgan Edwards, a 1980 book by Thomas McKibbens Jr. And Kenneth
Smith claiming that Edwards had "a literal interpretation of Scripture."
But unfortunately the authors sidestepped away from equally non-literal
statements in Edwards' 1788 book focusing on topics like "millennium"
and "Last Novelties." Some Examples:
(1) Rev. 20: 3's "little season" was viewed by Edwards as
a "a considerable time"
(2) Rev. 13:11's "beast" with "two horns" was
seen as the "Turkish or Ottoman Empire" which began about 1300
A.D. and lasted for centuries. (Did those Turks have even one horn?)
(3) Rev. 14:6's "angel" was interpreted as "The Apostle
John," destined also to be one of Rev. 11's "two witnesses."
(4) Concerning these witnesses who prophesy in sackcloth 1260 days
(Rev: 11: 13) Edwards announced that "the ministry of the witnesses
requires many more years to perform than the time of their wearing sackcloth."
(5) Matthew 24's stars don't really fall; they only "appear to
fall," wrote Edwards.
(6) Equally serious was McKibbens' and Smith's failure to show that
Edwards' literal statements (such as a literal rapture three and a half
literal years before a literal millennium) were actually part of the century-old
historicism which could easily interpret a Scriptural "hour" as
15 literal days, a "day" as a literal year, a month as "30
literal years," etc.
Edwards' historicism had him seeing about "208" more years
until "the millennium" (including "about 204 years"
until the death of the two witnesses------and he expected "their appearance"
soon!), and also had him describing "Antichrist" as existing "hitherto"
as a succession of persons" ("popery") as well as having
a future aspect. (the last pope).
But now enter the real villains:
John Bray asserted in a booklet that Edwards was assuredly a futurist
and a prê-trib. Covering up Edward s' rapture, ignoring the fact that
it was tied to Rev. 20 and Matthew 24! on pages 21-22 Edwards tied Christ's
coming to "change the living" and "catch them up to himself"
to Matthew 24, adding that "the trump of God...will darken the sun
and moon"-----pure pos-trib!
What Bray termed the "tribulation," following this coming,
was only the time of the final death pangs of a stretched-out second
advent! On page 30 Edwards saw Ezekiel's Gog and Magog wreaking havoc against
the Jews after the Jews' establishment but before the millennium. Manuel
Lacunza's Coming (Vol.1, 00. 279f) echoed this several decades later
when he wrote that between "the death of Antichrist" and the start
of the millennium, Ezekiel Gog (possibly "Antichrist himself"
or a prince of his) will come against "the children of Israel."
(Like Edwards, Lacunza also tied together the rapture and Matthew 24-------which
some have also covered up.)
I should add that Edwards' rapture can easily be base on the three
and a half day of Rev. 11 that the witnesses' spirits are with Christ; Le
Roy Froom's The Prophetic faith of our Fathers (Vols. II, III) is
just one source revealing the historicists before and after Edwards who
harvested three and a half years from the very same Rev. 11 days.
After my later book The Rapture Plot published in-depth rebuttals
of the claims for Edwards (and also pseudo-Ephraem) , Frank Marotta issued
a quickie booklet reminiscent of Bray's cover-ups. But Marotta used a tactic
Bray hadn't used. Instead of dealing with the words of Edwards that I had
quoted (the "Ottoman Empire" was the Rev. 13. "beast that
started out of the earth"-----proof that Edwards couldn't have been
pretrib if the tribulation he was writing about in the 1700's had began
in 1300 A.D.!) Marotta quoted only about a future aspect of the Turks!
Thomas Ice, a hired gun who's dedicated to shoring up pre-trib rapturism's
collapsing "pillar of sand," soon reproduced, in his own publication,
Marotta's whitewash of the real Morgan Edwards. But the most important paragraph
was edited out: the one in which Marotta briefly discussed the Turks while
tap dancing around my main point! Ice evidently thought it too dangerous
to even draw attention to Marotta's trivial mention of the Turks!
Let me quickly mention some more cover-ups: (1) Edwards Irving, who
translated Lancuza's work from Spanish to English, couldn't find an iota
of pre-trib in it, (2) McKibbens and Smith, authoring their books on Edwards,
didn't see even a morsel of pre-trib in Edwards book, and (3) Paul Alexander,
the expert on Pseudo-Ephraem that Grant Jeffrey, Thomas Ice, and Hal Lindsey
deceitfully lean on, has two summaries (textual and outline) of P-E's sequence
showing that P-E saw only one (post-trib) coming following the great
tribulation-------everything deliberately covered up by these (and by many
other) pre-trib leaders! One more cover-up: The other writing (in
British libraries) by the King James Bible translators have neither jot
nor title of pretrib because in the manuscripts they translated they couldn't
find either a lot or a little of pretrib!
In recent years Ice, aware that cults have successfully employed repetition
to make even lies seem truthful, has seen to it that the groundless and
dishonest claim for Edwards (plus some other "twistorical" data)
is firmly entrenched on many pretrib web-sites! But what can he and his
friends hope to achieve by trying to find a few before 1830 who seemed to
have a hint of a pretrib rapture? What they are really doing is drawing
attention to the 99 percent (plus) that even they themselves admit were
anything but pretrib rapturists!
(These excerpts are part of MacPherson's
forthcoming copyrighted book Rapture Cancer. You are FREE
to reproduce and publish them if you include this paragraph. His earlier
book the The Rapture Plot, fully exposing the claims for Edwards
and Pseudo-Ephraem, can be obtained if you will call (800) 967-7345.)
La Haye's Temperament by Dave MacPherson
A couple decades ago I learned how serious Tim LaHaye had become when it
came to my pre-trib history research----and it wasn't very becoming.
On January 5, 1981 he had sent a letter from the Scott Memorial Baptist
Church he then pastored in the San Diego area to an evangelical publisher
in another state. In the letter, which later came into my hands, LaHaye
bluntly discussed yours truly and told the recipient: "Praise God you're
going to answer this turkey----if I didn't already have 89 irons in the
fire I'd take it on----some one should!" Back
in those days La Haye was well-known for his best-selling Spirit-Controlled
Temperament book (temperaments that fundamentalist and evangelical
critics have traced to the world of the occult!). Unfortunately that book
didn't reveal the type of temperament La Haye could possess (a LaHaodicean
one?) in order to call me a "turkey." Maybe his pretrib "feathers"
had been ruffled by the many evangelical leaders who'd "gobbled"
up my research and then praised it during the previous decade:
In his 1974 book When Is Jesus Coming Again, J. Barton Payne reflected
it when he wrote that "the dispensational position...began only in
1830 with J. N. Darby's acceptance of Margaret Macdonald's revelation in
Port Glasgow of a dispensationally divided return."
During the same year Christianity Today called it a "staunch
defense" and Moody Monthly (while Jerry Jenkins was a top
name there) referred to my "careful, factual sleuthing."
In Canada The Prairie Overcomer at Prairie Bible Institute concluded
that "MacPherson's case seems to be watertight" while The
Witness (the oldest and largest Darbyist Brethren magazine in England!)
declared: "What he [MacPherson] succeeds in establishing is that the
view outlined was first stated by a certain Margaret Macdonald...early in
1830." (Who knows the British, and the British ways of speaking, better
than the British do?) Some other comments during
that period came from Harold Ockenga's letter ("You have done your
research well"), Ian S. Rennie's Dreams, Visions and Oracles ("it
is likely that [Margaret's revelation] was grist for Darby's mill"),
and J. Gordon Melton in the Encyclopedia of American Religions ("The
best scholarship available [views Margaret as the pretrib originator]").
With reactions like these coming from a noticeable
percentage of the evangelical literati, you can see why Tim was dispensationally
distraught over the possibility that comments from thinking evangelicals
might have a dire effect on his ability to keep on making pretrib (la)hay
while the sun was shining! But now let's fast forward
until we reach the year 1992 and the arrival of LaHaye's No Fear of
the Storm----a book that's had no fear of being exposed as one of the
most shabby, slipshod, slovenly (and, yes, even dishonest) prophecy
books ever! While flipping LaHaye's pages in order
to spot his comments on the pretrib origin (the way my book The Rapture
Plot describes it), I quickly found one sentence on page 180 that has
four historical errors. In it he
asserts that 19th century (Plymouth) Brethren scholar S. P. Tregelles claimed
in two of his books, spaced 11 years apart, that fellow
Brethren member J. N. Darby derived pretrib from the Jews and Margaret
Macdonald. Since Margaret wasn't Jewish, LaHaye sees Tregelles naming
two different sources and contradicting himself.
If you've been totally immersed in pretrib rapture origin research since
1970 (as I have), you'll soon find (as I did) these four errors:
1. The two Tregelles works were not two books but an article (1855) and
a book (1864). 2. They were nine years apart.
3. The article spoke only of "Judaisers" within Christianity.
(This was the first time I'd ever found anyone claiming that the Jews
had been blamed for originating pretrib!) 4. The
book referred to "an 'utterance' in Mr. Irving's Church." (Margaret
never even visited Edward Irving's church!) LaHaye
obviously had been influenced by other writers, including R. A. Huebner
and John Walvoord, who had previously aired the supposed Tregelles contradiction.
(Elsewhere in the present book I show that Tregelles did not contradict
himself.) After being flabbergasted by this blunder-packed
sentence, I decided to check the accuracy of LaHaye's reproduction of Margaret
Macdonald's key 1830 revelation. With all 117 lines of her revelation in
front of me (as found in my books including The Incredible Cover-up
and The Great Rapture Hoax), I began comparing LaHaye's version
with it. Everything matched perfectly during the first few lines.
But when I got to lines 10-11, LaHaye's copy spoke of Margaret's "great
burst." Was this a reference to the "inbreaking of God...about
to burst on this earth" (lines 42-43)? Or perhaps her vision of the
final collapse of the pretrib view? Well, neither. Between the words "great"
and "burst" LaHaye had omitted "darkness and error about
it; but suddenly what it was." This omission can keep his readers in
the dark concerning her cultic pride in thinking that only she
could really explain "the sign of the Son of man" (Matt.
24:30)! In addition to a variety of other copying
errors, LaHaye also omitted eight words in lines 16-17, a word in line 51,
another word in line 58, 11 words in lines 74-75, nine words in lines 76-77,
and eight words in lines 111-112----sins of "omission" that can
easily result in faulty analyses of Macdonald's prophetic words! (I wrote
LaHaye in regard to his many copying errors. He never responded.)
LaHaye's version of Margaret's words is actually found in Robert Norton's
Memoirs of James & George Macdonald, of Port-Glasgow (1840).
But somehow he had prefaced it as being part of Norton's The Restoration
of Apostles and Prophets; In the Catholic Apostolic Church (1861).
All I had to do was find someone who had carelessly combined the 1840 text
with the 1861 title. Within minutes, while going
through my files, I ran across a 1989 publication that had the same combination.
And it had the same copying errors----including the same 48 omitted words----in
the same places! The author was Thomas Ice! (When
LaHaye decided to plagiarize Ice's reproduction of Margaret's revelation
instead of doing his own research, he didn't realize that Ice's sloppiness
would trip up himself as well as Ice. But of course they are still friends
and partners----especially in connection with the Pre-Trib Research Center----because
they are sloppy and dishonest birds of a feather! Incidentally, Ice never
responded after my letter to him asked about his many copying errors.)
In addition to LaHaye's "bumped" words, I tallied 84 other errors
he makes when quoting various writers on 27 other pages discussing pretrib
beginnings. LaHaye omits 11 words when quoting Walvoord's The Rapture
Question: Revised. Walvoord, echoing Huebner, was asserting that my
evidence has not proven that Margaret and Irving taught the pretrib view.
But readers are kept in the dark about the assertion in the book in question
because LaHaye somehow deletes what Walvoord was concluding!
On page 169 LaHaye says that at the Library of Congress he obtained photocopies
of Manuel Lacunza's work, the title of which is The Coming of Messiah
in Glory and Majesty. Perhaps he can explain why on two pages this
title appears as The Coming of Messiah in Power and Glory and is
listed on a later page as The Coming of Christ in Power and Great Glory.
Equally serious are his book's other copying errors including erroneous
sources and page numbering in footnotes as well as inaccurate historical
dates in the text. Something else. If I fail to
rectify some notions that LaHaye has repeated, others in the 20th century
tradition of copying (and miscopying) may very well repeat and even embellish
them. LaHaye gives the impression that my father,
Norman, changed from pretrib to posttrib during his Southern California
pastorate from which he was ousted, and that Biola's position on the rapture
was the only one ever held by that Los Angeles school. LaHaye even
has a chapter about me entitled "MacPherson's Vendetta" and assumes
that personal revenge on my part is the reason for my decades-long research
on pretrib beginnings. For the record here are
my responses: 1. My father changed from pretrib
to posttrib before his 1944 book Triumph Through Tribulation. Through
meetings in my parents' living room, the church in question was formed in
1947. Folks knew about his previous change, but he was always a calm and
scholarly preacher, almost never brought up posttrib, and never made any
rapture view a test of fellowship. Later on, some pretrib outsiders joined,
evidently intent on making the church a pretrib church.
I still have the handwritten notes that my mother took at the May 16, 1951
ouster meeting. One of the voiced criticisms of my father that she recorded:
"He has no right to interpret prophecy contrary to Scofield."
(This critic obviously was influenced only by Scripture and not by human
agency in the same way Darby was!) 2. The doctrinal
statement in Biola's catalog says merely that the "Lord Jesus is coming
again to this earth, personally, bodily, and visibly." The school's
founders chose such a broad statement because they wanted persons to have
freedom to hold and discuss what were then viewed as non-essentials: for
example, differing tribulational and millennial views.
Nowadays the Biola catalog includes this explanatory note (following the
doctrinal statement): "The Scriptures are to be interpreted according
to dispensational distinctives with the conviction that the return of the
Lord for His Church will be premillennial, before the Tribulation, and that
the Millennium is to be the last of the dispensations."
When I applied in 1952 for admission to the original Bible Institute of
Los Angeles campus in downtown L. A., I was given the original doctrinal
statement which allows for non-conflicting non-essentials.
Since my father had been a schoolmate of Biola's president at Princeton
Seminary (hardly a pretrib school), I saw no harm in occasionally sharing
copies of my father's 1944 book with some student friends and some of my
teachers. If the school had told me to stop this, I would have. If I had
been a threat all year to Biola's "official" position, why did
it wait until just two weeks before the end of the school year
to kick me out? Throughout this century pretrib
has changed from being a non-essential to being an expedient essential at
Biola and many similar schools, primarily because of its tremendous fund-raising
potential. 3. LaHaye concludes wrongfully that
my pretrib origin research of a quarter of a century is nothing more than
my vengeful reaction to what happened to my family in the 1950's.
If so, it must be one of the slowest reactions ever. I didn't even wonder
about the origin until two decades after the California incidents.
Long before my research began, numerous tragedies including untimely death
had overtaken the ringleaders in the church trouble. During the years between
the early 1950's and the early 1970's (when my research began), I was never
bitter towards anyone at either the church or Biola----and haven't been
down to the present day. In the same No Fear
book of his, LaHaye has an entire chapter discussing my books. The
fair and honest thing, when citing books, is to list the books in footnotes
or at least in a bibliography----unless a writer has something to hide.
The reason LaHaye doesn't list any of my works in this manner is that he
is neither fair nor honest! As if all of the above
isn't enough, there's even plagiarism in some of LaHaye's books!
I'll give an example by comparing Hal Lindsey's There's A New World
Coming (1973) with LaHaye's Understanding the Last Days (1998).
On p. 281 Lindsey wrote: "The New Testament
refers to the 'Book of Life' eight times, and although the Old Testament
doesn't call it by that name, it refers three times to a book in which names
are written. This book contains the name of every person born into the world.
If by the time he dies, a person has not received God's provision of sacrifice
to remove sin, then his name is blotted out of this 'Book of Life.'"
On pp. 192, 194 LaHaye wrote: "The New Testament
refers to the book of life eight different times, and although the Old Testament
does not call it by that name, it does allude three times to a book in which
names are written...The book of life is that book in which the names of
all people ever born into the world are written. If, at the time of a person's
death, he has not called upon the Lord Jesus Christ for salvation, his name
is blotted out of the book of life." After
I told LaHaye in a letter that I had found plagiarism in his books, he sent
me the one and only letter I've ever gotten from him, dated March 3, 1999.
His first two sentences said: "You are the first person who (to my
knowledge) has ever accused me of plagiarizing anything from anyone. And
with forty books in print I would think someone would have if it were
true." I immediately sent him evidence that he had plagiarized
various books by Walvoord and Lindsey. To this day he has never responded
in connection with the proof that I sent to him!
My book The Rapture Plot has an appendix exhibiting plagiarism,
by means of comparison quotes, in popular pretrib prophecy books. Not only
is Tim LaHaye's plagiarism portrayed, but there's proof also of the same
literary thievery in writings by Jerry Falwell, Ed Hindson, Ed Dobson, Charles
Ryrie, Paul Tan, and Jack Van Impe, for starters!
If students at Christian Heritage College (LaHaye's former stomping ground)
or Falwell's Liberty University were to plagiarize their neighbors' answers
during an exam, they'd be in danger of getting an "F" for the
exam and maybe for the entire course. But when
pretrib leaders cut corners and cheat in print, which of course allows them
to turn out rapture rush jobs much more quickly, they are awarded honorary
(if not honorable) degrees----like the Doctor of Literature degree that
Falwell's school gave to LaHaye! LaHaye gives the
impression these days that his huge book sales are proof that he's being
blessed by the Lord. Well, if financial success is the most important standard
(and it seems to be in the eyes of many pretrib authors and publishers),
then the Lord must also be blessing the Mafia and Columbian drug lords and
even Osama Bin Ladin! But when does success become
greed? LaHaye is currently suing fellow Christians over the Left
Behind film rights! His lawsuit even states that he has suffered "emotional
and mental stress, including anxiety, worry, mental anguish and sleeplessness"----characteristics,
as you can tell, of Spirit-controlled temperament!
Jeremiah 17:11 is a verse that LaHaye has somehow left behind. It says that
"he that getteth riches, and not by right, shall leave them in the
midst of his days, and at his end shall be a fool."
Finally, here's the big question: In light of recently
uncovered evidence revealing the long-covered-up, sordid history of the
pretrib rapture view, and in light of the fact that God's judgment of careless
and apostate Christendom is rapidly increasing these days, will Tim LaHaye
temper his outlook and change his temperament or will he lose his temper,
let his temperature rise, and become temperamental?
The Best BOOK on the Rapture EVER.
"The Three R's, Rapture, Revisionism, Robbery"
By Historian Dave MacPherson.
You will when you're taking a spin through Dave MacPherson's
new (1998) book entitled "The Three R's"
Its subtitle: "Rapture, Revisionism, Robbery. Pretribulation
Rapturism from 1830 to Hal Lindsey"
The "Three R's" answer many questions including this:
Are you aware the 168 year old pretribulation rapture view (evangelicalism's
greatest money-making belief !) was born in Britain, and that for decades
the earliest promoters couldn't decide which "symbol" was the
How did the Great Pyramid of Egypt conveniently provided
extra "proof" during the last century, for the young and struggling
pretrib rapture view?
Name the starry-eyed 19th century British plagiarist (plagiarized
by Lindsey in the "The Late Great Planet Earth" who claimed to
find occultic "PROOF" for pretrib in one of the heavenly constellations.
How did one British group steal pretrib
away from another group and cover it up for a century?
How can "orthodox" Lindsey
easily blend the Bible with pseudo-scientific, occultic notions such as
the "Jupiter Effect" and the zodiacal "Virgo "to Leo
SEMINARY professor, a WELL-known Texas Pastor, and a "Christianity
Today" consulting editor are among those who've charged Lindsey WITH
You identify them?
Who are some other pretrib rapture teachers of today who also
have EMBARRASSING "Similarities"
in their writings?
Which LARGE Los Angeles Newspaper TIED both Lindsey and Chuck Missler to
Identify the famous evangelical scholar who described Lindsey's book
as "religious 'science-fiction' (more fiction than science)."
WHICH recent U.S. Presidents have been influenced by the Lindsey-type
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The Rapture of the Church, True or False?
Tim LaHaye, John MacArthur, Hank Hannegraff, Dave Hunt, Dr.
Charles Halff, Gary Hedrick, Dr. David Jeremiah, and the rest of the evangelical
leaders can only defend their doctrines, in their radio programs, or in
their books, protected from the scrutiny of a DEBATE. They ALL are afraid
to have a debate with 7th Day Adventist (Independent) ministers. Matthew
10: 26 Ltd Ministry is STILL waiting for any of them to respond to
our letter calling for a debate.
"But there were false prophets
also AMONG THE PEOPLE, even as there shall be false teachers among you,
who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that
bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. AND MANY shall
follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be
evil spoken of. And through COVETOUSNESS shall they with feigned words MAKE
MERCHANDISE of you; whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and
their damnation slumbereth not" 2
PETER 2: 1-3.
Order the Free video "The Rapture of the Churches, True
Just Don't forget www.thebibletruth.org
Disgrace & Shame
Dave MacPherson Historian
Journal M, November Term, A. D. 1883 7th Day of December
Leontine Scofield Plaintiff
C. I. Scofield Defendant
Now comes the plaintiff by her attorneys Tomlinson and
Griffin and the defendant enters for appearance and files answer and makes
no further appearance.
And there upon this cause came on for hearing upon the
pleadings and testimony and was argued by counsel upon consideration whereof
the Court does find that the defendant has been guilty of willful abandonment
of the plaintiff for more than one year prior to the commencement of this
It is therefore adjudged and decreed by the Court here
that the marriage relation heretofore existing between wholly annulled and
the parties wholly released from the obligations of the same.
It is further ordered and decreed that the custody nurture
education and care of said minor children Abigal Scofield and Helen Scofield
be and the same is hereby given to the said plaintiff and the said defendant
is hereby forever enjoined from interfering with or disturbing the said
plaintiff in the custody care nurture and education of the said above named
children until the further order of this Court.
Women Everywhere -----ARISE!
This unretouched photo shows a simple gravestone in Mt.
Calvary Cemetery in Atchison, Kansas. Leontine should have been one of the
most famous women of all time. But she's still unknown because her husband
never referred to her publicly after he became famous. He pretended she
He was obsessed with making money, legally and illegally.
he married her on September 27, 1866, and they had several girls. After
a legal and political career in the 1870's, during which he stole thousands
of dollars from friends, he deserted Leontine and his children for several
years. The ATCHISON PATRIOT (Aug. 26, 1881) said that "every few months"
he sent them only $5.00, forcing her to work for the family's support.
In later years he said he was converted to Christ in 1879.
But a year after his conversion he was in a St. louis jail for six months
on a forgery conviction; he'd stolen his mother-in-law's last $1300.00 in
a real estate scam! One December 8, 1883, Leontine divorced him --- and
he remarried three months later! She remained in Atchison and never remarried.
As late as 1899, when he preached the sermon at a famous
evangelist's funeral, this divorced man (who'd given himself an honorary
D.D.!) was still issuing IOU's to keep from paying back the thousands of
stolen dollars mentioned above! Talk about male something-or-other!
In 1909 he pulled off the biggest coup of his money obsessed
career. Through a book he compiled, which brought him a fortune, he became
the No. 1 promoter of a newfangled theory that he knew most of the leading
scholars had rejected. When his book deceptively listed certain scholars
as "consulting editors," he knew that many were anything but agreeing
editors on the theory in question!
We've been discussing C. I. Scofield, the Scofield Reference
Bible, and the (gulp) Pre Tribulation Rapture Theory!!!
If women had had the same opportunities as men after 1830
(when a Scottish teenager originated the Pre-Trib Rapture idea), their basically
discerning and honest nature would have exploded this male dominated theological
hoax long ago!
THE FOUR COURTS BUILDING
Harry M. Hagen, This is our St. Louis (St. Louis: Knight
Pub. Co., 1970), p. 246. (Scofield was in this jail, center of building,
for forgery and fraud in 1880 for six months - a year after his conversion.
he'd stolen his mother-in-law's life savings - $1300.00 - one of several
incidents that led his wife to divorce him.)
...ranged the prisoner's cells, with their grated doors
fronting to the center of the building. A corridor, ten feet wide, separated
the cells from the outer wall of the jail,k and the walls of the cells were
of wrought boiler iron. The jail and court building occupied the square
bounded by Clark Avenue, Spruce Street, and Eleventh Twelfth Streets. The
Court Building was occupied by the St. Louis Criminal Court, the Court of
Criminal Correction and the Police Court, and the city marshal, city attorney,
coroner and other officials also had offices there. The original costs of
the Four Courts building and grounds was eight hundred and eighty thousand
dollars. The name was suggested by the resemblance of the building the famous
"Four Courts" of Dublin, Ireland, and while it was devoid of significance
and was a misnomer as applied to the structure in which the sittings of
the criminal courts were held, it had become a fixture in St. Louis nomenclature.
Some Candid Reactions to THE RAPTURE PLOT
(MacPherson's No. 1 Book on the History of the Pretrib
Gary Demar (President, American Vision): "A majority
of prophecy writers and speakers teach that the church will be raptured
before a future tribulational period. But did you know that prior to about
1830 no such doctrine existed? No one in all of church history ever taught
a pretribulational rapture. Dave MacPherson does the work of a journalistic
private investigator to uncover the truth behind the doctrine. The Rapture
Plot is a the never before told, true story of the plot --- how plagiarism
and subtle document changes created the "mother of all revisionisms.'
A fascinating piece of detective work."
Robert H. Gundry (Professor, Westmont College): "As
usual, MacPherson out hustles his opponents in research on primary sources.
His interpretation of those sources will be disputed at points, of course.
But it is very unlikely that anyone will be able to explain away the avalanche
of evidence that MacPherson produces for pretribulationism as originating
in Irvingite circles and, despite counter claims, as migrating from there
into Darbyite circles."
C. S. Lovett (President, Personal Christianity): "you
don't read very much of Dave MacPherson's work before you realize he is
a dedicated and meticulous researcher. Because his work has been so honest
and open, his latest work The Rapture Plot has produced many red faces among
some of the most recognized rapture writers of our time. When their work
is compared with his, it is embarrassing for them to see how shallow their
research is. If you don't have a copy of The Rapture Plot at hand, you may
also suffer a red face if you speak or teach on the rapture without first
seeing how your ideas stack up against Dave's research.
Robert A. Morey (President, California Institute of Apologetics):
"Regardless of where you land on the rapture issue, Dave MacPherson's
books on the historical origins of the secret rapture doctrine are a 'must
read.' His documentation seems not only in context but ruthlessly honest.
I recommend The Rapture Plot for all who are struggling with the issue."
R. J. Rushdoony (President, Chalcedon): "Dave MacPherson
has been responsible for major changes in the eschatology of evangelical
churches by his devastating studies of some of the central aspects thereof.
In The Rapture Plot MacPherson tells us of the strange tale of 'rapture'
writings, revisions, cover-ups, altercations, and confusions. No one has
equaled MacPherson in his research on the 'pre-trib rapture.' Attempts to
discredit his research have failed and have in many cases been replaced
with ignoring him. But MacPherson is a hard man to ignore because those
who read him cannot ignore his research nor tolerate neglect of him by others."
To obtain a copy of The Rapture Plot (complete with footnotes, appendices,
bibliography, and index), call 800-967-7345 or write to: Millennium III
Publishers, PO. Box 928, Simpsonville, South Carolina 29681 USA.
"Thou Shalt Not Steal"
The appendix you're now reading has in mind literary stealing,
commonly known as plagiarism. Webster's New College Dictionary defines plagiarism
as "passing off as one's own" the "ideas" or "words"
or "products" of someone else.
Writers who use the ideas or words of others without permission
or without giving proper credit are plagiarists.
For starters, let's compare part of a recent Jack Van
Impe article in his own publication ("The Moment After," Perhaps
Today, March/ April, 2000, p. 5) with part of a Grant Jeffrey book (Final
Warning, 1995, p. 306).
Van Impe wrote: "The early Christian writer and poet
Ephraem the Syrian (who lived from A. D. 306 to 373) was a major theologian
of the early Byzantine Eastern Church. To this day, his hymns and homilies
are used in the liturgy of the Greek Orthodox and Middle Eastern Nestorian
Churches. He also wrote a large number of commentaries that have never been
translated into English."
Match that with what Jeffrey had written earlier: "The
early Christian writer and poet, Ephraem the Syrian, (who lived from A.
D. 306 to 373) was a major theologian of the early Byzantine Eastern Church....To
this day, his hymns and homilies are used in the liturgy of the Greek Orthodox
and Middle Eastern Nestorian Church...he also wrote a large number of commentaries
that have never been translated into English."
Nowhere did Van Impe even mention Jeffrey or his book.
And it wasn't the first time he had handled Jeffrey's material in this manner!
(Interestingly, even though Paul Alexander - whom Jeffrey
described as the "most authoritative" scholar on the early Byzantines
- viewed "Pseudo-Ephraem" and not Ephraem the Syrian as the author
of the manuscript in which Jeffrey claimed to find pretrib, Jeffrey, copied
by Van Impe, continued to refer to only Ephraem the Syrian!)
My 1998 book The Three R's uncovered, among other things,
the massive and embarrassing plagiarism in books authored by some leading
prophecy writers, including C. C. Carlson, David Jeremiah, Hal Lindsey,
and even the late Merrill Unger!
Additional similarities in print, equally shocking, have
been discovered in recent days. On the following pages I will offer comparison
quotes from some other influential prophecy books and let you decide who
should wear the "guilty" label.
JERRY FALWELL & FRIENDS
Compare George Dollar's A History of Fundamentalism in
America (1973) with The Fundamentalist Phenomenon (1981), edited by Jerry
Falwell with Ed Dobson and Ed Hindson:
Dollar, pp. 93-98; Fallwell et al, p. 104:
"Harry Emerson Fosdick...was born near Buffalo, New
on May 24, 1878... He attended revolted Colgate...where he revolted against
orthodox views....at At Colgate he was influenced by William Newton Clark
transferring to Union Seminary and Columbia University. At Union University....One
major influence on was influenced by the importance
Fosdick at Union was the stress of a social consiousness....He
the social application.....He was challenged by the influence of
found the social gospel of Rau- Rauschenbusch, who was the pio-
schenbusch....challenging.... neer champion of the social gos-
>From 1904-1915 he was pastor pel. His preaching...utilized the
of the Baptist church at Montclair, Bible and extrabiblical sources in
New Jersey.... his sermons....on dealing with problems.... From
problem-solving.... drew from... 1904-1915 Fosdick was pastor
within the Bible and outside... at the Baptist church at Montclair,
>From 1919 to 1925 he supplied the New Jersey. From 1919 to 1925
pulpit of First Presbyterian Church he supplied the pulpit of the First
in New York.... In May, 1922, Presbyterian Church in New York.
he preached a sermon entitled After his famous sermon in May
'Shall the Fundamentalists Win?' 1922, 'Shall the Fundamentalists
...He resigned from First Presby- Win?' He was forced to resign from
terian Church....From 1925 to the Presbyterian Church. From
1930 Fosdick served the Park Av- 1925 to 1930 he served at Park
enue Baptist...Rockefeller was Avenue Baptist. In 1930 a new
willing to give a large sum for the church was erected and paid for by
erections of a new edifice, and by John D. Rockefeller: the Riverside
1930 the very beautiful Riverside Church in Morningside Heights in
Church was ready (in) Morning- Manhattan. The church...pro-
side heights in Manhattan... video the public forum for Harry
Harry Emerson Fosdick...The Emerson Fosdick. His pulpit min-
National Broadcasting Company istry was so impressive that the National
was so impressed by his stature that tional Broadcasting Company al-
it gave him free time on Sunday lowed him free time on Sunday
afternoon for 'National Vespers.' afternoon for the broadcast of the
...He retired from Union Seminary 'National Vespers.' Fosdick retired
and Riverside Church in 1946." from Union Seminary and River-
side Church in 1946."
Dollar, pp. 217-218; Falwell et al, pp. 126-7
"...the Baptist Bible Fellowship "Much of the
vision and momen-
...owes its origin to the ministry turn of the Baptist Bible Fellow-
and inspiration of J. Frank Norris. ship came from the leadership of
...in the late 1940's serious ten- J. Frank norris. During the late
sions arose in the (World Baptist) forties, many of the preachers in
Fellowship, and several of its the World Baptist Fellowship) be-
younger pastors broke away... gan to experience disillusionment.
Among these were G. Beauchamp ...a number of men, including
Vick, John W. Rawlings, Noel Vick, John W. Rawlings, Noel
Smith, W. E. Dowell, and Scotty Smith, W. E. Dowell... and Scot-
Alexander... Papers to incorpo- tie Alexander, left the World Bap-
rate a new school were taken out tist Fellowship and formed the
on June 29, 1950... in Spring- Baptist Bible Fellowship...On
field Missouri...for the aca- June 29 (1950) papers were taken
year 1971-1972 over two out to open a new school, in
thousand were enrolled...the Springfield, Missouri...by 1970
printed voice of the BBF has been more than 2000 were enrolled...
the Baptist Bible Tribune with its the Baptist Bible Tribune, edited
able and outspoken editor, Noel by Noel Smith. This served as the
Smith. He has been especially ef- official publication for the newly
fective in uncovering unbiblical formed BBF. Smith devoted his
teachings among Southern bap- energies to such matters as error
tists. He has been equally sharp in among Southern Baptists, dealing
his crtiticisms of communism, the with communism, the National and
National and World Councils of World Councils of churches, and
Churches, and Modernism...He modernism. Through the years he
has been openly against Billy also dealt with the issues of Billy
Graham's evangelism...." Graham's evangelism...."
Dollars, pp.242-3: Falwell et al, pp.131-2;
"Southwide Baptist Fellowship... "One of the
of Fundamental Baptists in the talist influences in the Southeast is
Southeastern section of our nation the Southwide Baptist Fellowship.
owes its origin to a meeting of pas- It was founded on March 20, 1956,
tors in Highland Park Baptist with 147 charter members at High-
Church in Chattanooga, Tennes- land Park Baptist Church in Chat-
see, on March 20, 1956.... There tanooga, Tennessee. This organi-
were 147 charter members...Its zation was designed to provide
purpose was to provide a fellow- fellowship for pastors of funda-
ship for men of Fundamentalist mentalist Baptist convictions. The
Baptist convictions...Among the early members of this group in-
first members were such men as cluded Lee Roberson, John R.
Lee Roberson, John R. Rice, Rice, Harold B. Sightler, J. R.
Harold B. Sightler, J. R. Faulkner, Faulkner, Wayne Van Gelderen,
Wayne Van Gelderen, Norman G. Norman G. Lemmons, Gene
Lemmons, Gene Arnold, Bob Arnold, Bob Gray, Bob Bevington,
Gray, Bob Bevington, and John R. and John R. Waters...One of
Waters...Lee Roberson of High- the leaders of this fellowship has
land Park Baptist has held a com- been Lee Roberson of Highland
manding place of influence in the Park Baptist Church in Chatta-
Southwide Fellowship because of nooga, Tennessee. He is pastor of
the 33,000-member church he pas- the 33,000-member Highland Park
tors and the growth of Tennessee Baptist Church and is founder of
Temple Schools....composed of Tennessee Temple Schools. Cur-
a Bible college, a liberal arts col- ruently Tennessee Temple Univer-
lege, and a seminary. sity includes a Bible school, a li-
arts college, and a seminary.
Hal Lindsey's The Late Great Planet Earth (1970) followed
by LaHaye's The Beginning of the End (1972).
Lindsey, p. 188: LaHaye, p. 12:
"in the early centuries, the Chris- "'Maranatha'....gained
tians had a word for greeting and in the first century and became a
departing: it was the word common mode of greeting and
Lindsey, p. 70-1 LaHaye, p. 74:
'the Cossacks have always loved "The Cossacks still
boast of hav-
horses and have been recognized ing the finest horseflesh in the
as producing the finest army of cav- world....Russia...the supplier
alry in the world....the countries. of weapons to future invaders of
...as part of this great army are Israel, is today the leading manu-
and manufactured in Russia." facturer of weaponry."
John Walvoord's The Blessed Hope and the Tribulation (1976)
followed by LaHaye's No Fear of the Storm (1992):
Walvoord, p. 12: LaHaye, p. 206:
"the Alexandrian school of theol- "the Alexandrian school of theol-
ogy in Egypt (that tried to) harmo- ogy from Egypt that seemed to
nize systematic theology with Pla- merge biblical theology with Pla-
tonic philosophy." tonic philosophy."
Lindsey's There's a New World Coming (1973) followed by
LaHaye's Understanding the Last Days (1998):
Lindsey, p. 280: LaHaye, p. 191:
Evidentaly, each person has a re- "It may be that
each of us has a
coring angel" (Lindsey also recording angel." (LaHaye also
quoted Ecc. 12:14) quoted Eccl. 12:14)
Lindsey, p. 281 LaHaye, p. 192, 194
"The New Testament refers to the "The New Testament
refers to the
'Book of Life' eight times, and al- book of life eight different times,
though the Old Testament doesn't and although the Old Testament
call it by that name, it refers three does not call it by that name, it
times to a book in which names are allude three times to a book in
written. This book contains the which names are written....The
name of every person born into the book of life is that book in which
world. If by the time he dies, a names of all people ever
person has not received God's pro- into the world are written. If, at
vision of sacrifice to remove sin, the time of a person's death, he has
then his name is blotted out of this not called upon the Lord Jesus
'Book of Life.'" Christ for salvation, his name is blotted
out of the book of life."
Charles C. Ryrie
Compare Hal Lindsey's The Great Planet Earth (1970) with Dallas Seminary
Professor Charles C. Ryrie's The Living End (1976):
Lindsey, p. 82 Ryrie, p. 70:
"a great and formidable boundary "a formidable
between the peoples east of it and those who lived east and west of
those west of it... and is scarcely it... scarcely fordable at any point
fordable anywhere or at any time ...or at any time...From 300 to
yards wide, and from ten to thirty 1,200 yards wide and 10 to 30 feet
feet in depth" (From J. A. Seiss's deep" (Ryrie gave no credit
The Apocalypse which Lindsey ther source.)
Lindsey, pp. 84-85: Ryrie, p. 72:
"the real sleeping giant of Asia was "The Giant
Comes to Life.....She
awakened....they went from the exploded her first atomic bomb in
testing of a crude atomic bomb to 1964, and tested her first H-bomb
the successful test firing of an H- two and a half years later." (Ryrie
bomb in two and one half years" gave no credit for any of this.)
(Part of this was a citation of the
Bulletin of Atomic Scientists.)
Compare Lindsey's There's A New World Coming (1973) with
Ryrie's The Living End (1976).
Lindsey, pp. 90-1: Ryrie, pp. 38-9:
"After a period of writing ( a scribe) "After
a scribe had finished writ-
would stop, roll the parchment ing a section of the scroll he would
enough to cover his words, and stop, roll up the scroll to that point,
seal the scroll at that point with and seal it. Then he would begin
wax. Then he would resume writ- again, stop, roll up the scroll, and
ing, stop again, roll the scroll, and affix another seal. In this way he
add another seal.... it was to pre- prevented any unauthorized person
vent unauthorized persons from from tampering with or divulging
tampering with the scroll or read- the contents of the scroll. Only a
ing and revealing its contents. duly authorized person
Only a 'worthy' person... could break those seals.... When a Jew-
have legal access to the scroll's ish family was forced to sell its
message.... when a Jewish fam- property or possessions, the loss
ily was required to forfeit its land was listed on a scroll and sealed
and possessions through some dis- seven times. By law, the property
tress, the property could not be per- could not be taken away from them
manently taken form them. Their permanently, so the scroll con-
losses were listed in a scroll and tained the record of the loss and
sealed seven times, the conditions what would have to be done in or-
necessary to purchase back the der to get the property back. When
land and possessions were written a qualified person came along to
on the outsdie of the scroll. When a redeem that property, then it was
qualified redeemer could be returned to the original owners."
found....the possession (was re- (Ryrie again gave credit to no one.)
turned) to the original owner."
(Paraphrase of a W. A. Criswell
work which Lindsey credited.)
Paul Lee Tan
Compare Hal Lindsey's The Late Great Planet Earth (1970)
with Dallas Seminary Professor Paul Lee Tan's A Pictorial Guide to Bible
Lindsey, p. 65: Tan, p. 111:
"in discussing Tubal he said, "tu- "Tubal,
the fifth son of Japheth,
bal is the son of Rapheth (sic). was the founder of the Tibereni, a
founder of the Tibereni, a people people dwelling on the Black Sea,
dwelling on the Black Sea to the west west of the Moschi." (Gives no
of the Moschi.'" (credits Gesenius). credit).
Lindsey, p. 67: Tan, p. 113:
"All authorities agree on who Per- "Most scholars
agree that ancient
sia is today. it is modern Iran... Persia is today's Iran....It would
It would be much more difficult to be much more difficult to move a
move a large land army across the large land army across the
Caucasus Mountains that border Caucasus Mountains that border
Turkey, than the Elburz Mountains Turkey, than the Elburz Mountains
that border Iran. iran's general that border Iran. Iran's general
terrain is also much easier to cross terrain is also much easier to cross
than Turkey's. Transporation , than Turkey's, although both
however, will be needed through routes apparently will be used.
Lindsey, p. 69: Tan, p. 114:
"Gomer...'settled on the north "Gomer....settled
on the north of
of the Black Sea, and then spread the Black Sea and then spread
themselves southward and west south and west into eastern
ward to the extremities of Eu- rope.'"
rope.'" (Credits Young). (Gives no credit).
Lindsey, p. 70: Tan, p. 114:
"...Ashkenaz, 'The Rheginians' "....Ashkenaz
or 'The Rhe-
and a map of the ancient Roman ginians,' which would place them
Empire places them in the area of in the area of Poland, Czechoslo-
modern Poland, Czechoslovakia, vakia, and East Germany (to the
and East Germany to the banks of Danube River)."
the Danube River."
Lindsey, p. 70: Tan, p. 114:
"...in rugged mountainous ter- "...horses are
still the fastest and
rain, horses are still the fastest surest means of transporting
means of moving a large attack- troops, light and heavy artillery.
ing force into battle zones. Isn't it and field equipment over moun-
a coincidence that such terrain between the king of the north and
stands between Russia and the Is- Israel is mountainous."
Lindsey, p. 93-4 Tan, p. 109
"Charlemagne tried to do this in "Charlemagne
in A. D. 800 tried it,
A.D. 800.... was crowned by and he was crowned by the Pope
Pope as Emperor Charles Au- as Emperor Charles Augustus....
gustus...Napoleon...snatched Napolean crowned himself....
the crown from the Pope and put it Hitler said his Third Reich would
on himself.....Hitler....said his Third last a thousand years."
Reich would last a thousand years.
Lindsey, p. 136: Tan, p. 68:
"'My dear friends in the congregation. Bless you
for coming to listening to me. I know that many
church today. I know that many of of you have lost loved ones in this
you have lost loved ones in this un- unusual disappearance of so many
usual disappearance of so many people. However, we believe it
people. However, I believe that was God's judgment on them, for
God's judgment has come upon their uncooperation and division
them for their continued dissension on the majestic advances of Soci-
and quarreling with the great ad- ety and the Church on earth. Now
Now that the reactionaries are re- that the separatists are removed, let
moved, we can progress toward our us really unite in the great goal of
great and glorious goal of uniting universal brotherhood, love and
all mankind into a brotherhood of peace on earth.'"
reconciliation and understanding.'"
Well, there you have it - just a fraction
If you're interested in obtaining my book The Three R's, which uncovers
the huge amount of plagiarism in some of the leading pretrib works on both
sides of the Atlantic since the year 1830, call 800 967- 7345 for more information.
Do you still believe that the any-moment, pretribulation
rapture view inspires holy living? from Dave MacPherson's
The Rapture Plot
(Millennium III Publishers, 2000)
To Obtain a Copy of
"The Rapture Plot"
or write to Milleniun III Publisher
P.O. Box 928 Simpsonville,